Rights are legal or moral entitlements or permissions. Rights are of vital importance in theories of justice and deontological ethics-(Deontological ethics is an approach to ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of intentions or motives behind action such as respect for rights, duties, or principles, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions).
Many contemporary notions of rights are universalist and egalitarian, with equal rights granted to all people. By contrast, most historical notions of rights were authoritarian and hierarchical, with different people being granted different rights, and some having more rights than others. For instance, the rights of a father to be respected by his son did not indicate a duty upon the father to return that respect, and the divine right of kings to hold absolute power over their subjects did not leave room for many rights to be granted to the subjects themselves. Conversely, modern conceptions of rights often emphasize liberty as among the most important of rights, though conceptions of liberty (e.g. positive vs negative) frequently differ. These statement are from Wikipedia.
Right is the system of socially regulated freedoms (rights) having its origin in pre-capitalist societies, reflecting the developing relations between individuals, social classes and the whole community.
Right is actualised as written and enforceable law, but has its origins in the social relations of production, and right exists even where it has not yet attained legal form. Furthermore, right is never an altogether settled question, but is contested and in change. This statement is from Encyclopedia of Marxism
Each legal right that an individual possesses relates to a corresponding legal duty imposed on another. For example, when a person owns a home and property, he has the right to possess and enjoy it free from the interference of others, who are under a corresponding duty not to interfere with the owner's rights by trespassing on the property or breaking into the home.
In Constitutional Law, rights are classified as natural, civil, and political. Natural rights are those that are believed to grow out of the nature of the individual human being and depend on her personality, such as the rights to life, liberty, privacy, and the pursuit of happiness.
Civil Rights are those that belong to every citizen of the state, and are not connected with the organization or administration of government. They include the rights of property, marriage, protection by law, freedom to contract, trial by jury, and the like. These rights are capable of being enforced or redressed in a civil action in a court.
Political rights entail the power to participate directly or indirectly in the establishment or administration of government, such as the right of citizenship, the right to vote, and the right to hold public office.
West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Some of the word use above are too big for me, that is why I cut and paste, if you feel you need to cut and paste to answer this please make sure the word are easy for me to understand.
I believe there are absolute rights, these are rights that require no permission from someone else to exercises, an example is what you believe. Dependent rights are rights that require someones permission or cooperation to have, an example is the right to work. Conditional rights are rights given by society and are conditioned on correct behavior, an example is the right to own property, the right to liberty, the right to pursue happiness, the right to life.
I would like your thoughts on additions and changes, with the Goal that when someone says I have a right to do this, we will have a starting point to build an understanding from.